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    洪災發生時抽水泵的使用方法-上海龍亞泵廠推薦

    洪災發生時抽水泵的使用方法-上海龍亞泵廠推薦
    我們的地下室15年內只遭遇過兩次洪水,安裝抽水泵是明智之舉還是浪費錢?怎么判斷是否需要安裝抽水泵?抽水泵故障的最常見原因是什么?在閑置數月后,水泵會不會在緊要關頭無法啟用?我該怎么檢查抽水泵是否能正常使用?

    Tags:自然災害 | 地下室 | 暴雨 | 洪災 | 抽水泵
    Our basement has only flooded twice in 15 years. Would it be wise--or a waste of money--to install a sump pump?
    問:我們的地下室15年內只遭遇過兩次洪水,安裝抽水泵是明智之舉還是浪費錢?

    This is a matter of personal preference, and depends on the cost of installing the sump pump compared to the inconvenience and cost of having a flooded basement. If the basement is finished or used for storage, waterproofing the space and installing a sump pump will help protect your investment and personal property. A battery-backup unit can also be installed alongside the primary pump for additional protection against power outages and primary-pump failure.
    答:這就要看個人的偏好了,還要把裝水泵的成本,跟遭遇洪水所帶來的損失和不便,進行衡量比較。如果地下室是裝修過的,或者是用來儲物的,做好防水工作,裝一個抽水泵,可以保護你在上面花的錢,保護你的個人財產。除了主抽水泵,還有一個電池供電的抽水泵,在市電斷電或主抽水泵發生故障時提供額外保護。

    Is there any way to prevent the sump-pump drainage pipe that extends to the outdoors from freezing? And if the pipe freezes, will the pump burn out?
    問:有沒有什么方法防止抽水泵延伸到門外的水管凍住嗎?如果水管凍住了,泵會熄火嗎?

    There's no simple way to prevent the pipe from freezing, but there is a product called Freeze Stop, which allows water to exit your basement even if the discharge pipe is frozen solid. The device is cut into the discharge pipe, right where it exits the house. Then, if the discharge pipe freezes, the water will be diverted through the Freeze Stop and drain to the outdoors. Most sump pumps have a thermal relay switch that will trip if the motor becomes overheated. The relay will then automatically reset itself after the motor has cooled.
     

    答:要想防止水管凍住,沒有簡單的方法,不過,有一款名為“凍不怕(Freeze Stop)”的產品,能確保水從地下室排出,即便水管已經凍得嚴嚴實實。該裝置在排水管離開屋子處與排水管連接。排水管凍住時,水流改變方向從該裝置排出室外。大部分排水泵都有一個熱繼電器開關,一旦馬達過熱就會自動跳閘。而一旦馬達冷卻,繼電器又會自動復位。
    The basin I purchased for my sump pump has no holes in it. What size holes must I drill, how many and how far up from the bottom do I place the holes in the sides? Should I also drill holes in the bottom?
    問:我給抽水泵購置的儲水盆上沒有孔。我應該鉆多大的孔,應該在盆底往上多高的位置鉆孔,鉆多少孔?盆底要不要鉆孔?

    Some contractors drill holes in the bottom of the sump basin and around the sides to allow excess water to enter and prevent the basin from floating up. If you choose to drill holes in the basin, make sure the holes are smaller than the "solids handling rating" of the pump (generally 1/4 in. to 1/2 in. for a standard sump pump). This will prevent larger solids from entering the basin and clogging the pump. To connect to the drain tile, a 4 1/2-in.-dia. hole is standard and is generally placed 10 1/2 in. below the top of the basin.
    答:有些制造商會在水泵儲水盆底部和盆壁打孔,好讓積水進來,以防盆體漂起來。如果你決定在盆里鉆孔,要確保這些孔小于抽水泵的“固體粒子大小容許值”(solids handling rating,標準抽水泵的孔一般為1/4英寸在1/2英寸之間)。這可以阻止較大固體進入盆內阻塞水泵。連接排水瓦管的地方,孔的標準直徑為四又二分之一,位置在盆頂下方十又二分之一處。

    How far can a sump pump push water up from the sump pit? Is it strong enough to pump up a 4-ft. pipe?
    問:抽水泵可以將水從集水坑中抽往多高的地方?泵的力道足以把水管中的水抽到4英尺高嗎?

    Most sump pumps are sized to provide the appropriate amount of flow at 10 ft of lift. The performance data on the product should indicate the maximum lift the pump can provide as well as the maximum flow rate.
    答:多數抽水泵的大小足以把適量的水流舉高到10英尺。產品的性能數據可以標明水泵的最大承重量和最大水流量。

    How do I know what size sump pump I need?
    問;我如何知道我所需要的抽水泵該是什么尺寸呢?

    What you need to consider is horsepower, not size. The horsepower requirement for a house is determined by the area of drainage connected to the sump, the depth to the groundwater, the depth of the basement and a few other factors. A 1/3-hp pump is standard for most houses.
    答:你需要考慮的是馬力,而不是大小。屋子對馬力的需求,決定于跟水槽相連的排水管的截面面積(粗細),地下水的深度,地下室的深度以及其他若干因素。1/3馬力的水泵適用于大部分房屋。

    What is the most common reason for sump pump failure?
    問:抽水泵故障的最常見原因是什么?

    A failed sump pump is usually the result of a switching problem. Sometimes the pump can shift inside the basin, causing the float that operates the switch to lodge against its side. Debris can also be a factor--it can interfere with the action of the pump switch. It's important to make certain the pump switch and float-arm assembly move freely.
    答:抽水泵出現故障,往往是因為開關出了問題。有時候,水泵會在儲水盆里移位,造成浮子卡在盆壁上。碎片也可能會導致故障發生——干擾水泵開關的動作。一定要確保泵浦開關和浮筒臂組件能夠自由活動。

    What's the difference between a standard sump pump and a grinder pump? How do I decide which to install?
    問:標準的抽水泵和研磨泵到底有何區別?我怎么判斷該裝哪種?

    A sump pump is designed to remove excess water that enters the basin from the drain tile installed around the perimeter of your foundation. A grinder pump is designed to macerate sewage into a fine slurry and then pump it to the main sewer line located above the grade of the property. The decision on which type to install is based on the application it is intended to serve.
    答:抽水泵的設計,是用來清除從地基周圍的排水瓦管進入盆內的積水。研磨泵的設計,則適合用來把污物軟化成比較稀的泥漿,然后將其輸送到房屋地平面的下水道中。選擇那一類泵,要看你拿它用來干嗎。

    When my sump pump flushes, it makes a loud banging sound. Do I need a check valve or something else to make this stop?
    問:我的抽水泵內的水流忽大忽小,發出砰砰砰的聲音。我是不是要通過止逆閥等器件來讓它停?

    The noise is a result of water hammering, and a special check valve can be installed to quiet the racket. This device is commonly referred to as a quiet check valve or spring-loaded check valve.
    答:這是水錘現象導致的,可以通過一種特殊的止逆閥來消除這種噪聲。人們提及此類器件,往往會說“靜音止逆閥”或者“彈簧止逆閥”。

    We have two sump pumps. One runs quietly during pumping and at shutoff; the other pump has started making a loud "slurping" sound when it shuts off, similar to sucking on a straw at the bottom of a glass. Is there a way to adjust this noisy pump?
    問:我們有兩臺抽水泵。一臺在抽水和關掉的時候,都沒什么聲音;而另一臺則會在關掉的時候發出很大的咕嚕聲,將好像是用吸管猛吸杯底的聲音。有沒有什么方法可以調調這臺發出噪音的泵?

    In this situation, the pump isn't turning off at the proper height. Inspect the "off" position of the switch and adjust it as needed so that it turns the pump off before the water reaches the intake area of the pump. It's common for the sump pump to leave several inches of water in the bottom of the basin when it turns off.
    答:這種情況下,泵往往沒有在合適的水位上關掉。檢查一下“關”時候的位置,你需要在水進入進水口之前關掉開關。在切斷開關的時候,抽水泵儲水盆底殘留幾英寸積水也是正常的。

    Our sump pump only operates two or three times a year, during the heaviest rainstorms. I'm always concerned that, after being dormant for many months, the pump won't kick on when it's needed. How can I check my sump pump to see if it's working?
    問:我們的抽水泵每年只在雨水最大的時候用兩三次。我一直很關心一件事:在閑置數月后,水泵會不會在緊要關頭無法啟用?我該怎么檢查抽水泵是否能正常工作?

    Start by making sure the discharge pipe isn't clogged with debris. Also, check that the pipe empties onto a downslope so water doesn't flow back toward the house. Once every couple of months, use a flashlight to look around inside of the sump. Clean out any debris you see, which can clog the pump's inlet. Finally, dump 5 gallons of clean water into the sump and listen for the pump to start up. If it doesn't kick on, contact a pump specialist.
    答:首先,確認一下排放管沒有被碎片阻塞。其次,檢查排水管在水落管處的部分內是否有水,確保水不會倒流進屋內。每隔幾個月,用手電筒查看水槽內部各處。清理你所看到的碎片,它們會阻塞水泵內部。最后,向水槽內傾倒5加侖清水,仔細聽聽水泵的啟動情況。如果無法啟用,請聯系水泵技術人員。

    My sump pump is located in the laundry room, which has never flooded thanks to the pump. However, the room right next to the laundry room floods occasionally. How come?
    問:我的抽水泵安裝在洗衣房內,多虧了這臺水泵,房間從未被淹。不過,緊挨洗衣房的那間房卻偶爾會遭到水淹。為什么?

    In this situation the drain tile may not extend throughout the entire basement, allowing excess water to penetrate the foundation next to the laundry room. Another possibility is that the foundation wall has a crack that's allowing water to penetrate. Next time it floods, check to see if the foundation wall is leaking. If it is, there are several waterproofing products available, including hydraulic cement, that you can use to plug the leak.
    答:這種情況下,可能是因為排水瓦管沒能圍住整個地下室,所以積水得以滲透地基,流進洗衣房隔壁。還有一種可能就是,地基墻有裂縫,水才滲了進來。下次如果再有洪水,可以看看地基墻是否漏水。如果漏的話,有一些防水的產品可供選擇,比如水凝水泥,可以用來堵住墻縫。

     

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